Geography of Bharuch

Bharuch is an ancient city in Gujrat state. It is located at 21.7°N 72.97°E with an average elevation of 15 meters. Bharuch is also a  port city og Gujrat located on the banks of the river Narmada. Bharuch is surrounded by Vadodara in the North, Narmada Vadodara in the East and Surat Vadodara in the South . It has Gulf of Khambhat towards its West.

Climate of Bharuch

Bharuch has what is known as  tropical savanna climate, and its weather is strongly moderated by the Arabian Sea. The summer season starts in early March and ends in June. The hottest months are April and May are when the average maximum temperature is around 40 °C.

Monsoon season starts later in the month of  June and it receives about  800 millimetres which is 31 inches of rain by the end of the month September. The  average maximum temperature during these months is about 32 °C (90 °F). The temperature again rise during the months of October until late November after which winter starts. Winter begins in December and goes on till late February, during which the average temperatures is around 23 °C (73 °F).

Bharuch witnesses floods in the Narmada basin area very often due to heavy monsoon rains. However the floods have been controlled after building of Narmada dam.

Population of Bharuch

Bharuch has a population of 1,550,822 as per the 2011 census. The population density of Bharuch is 238 inhabitants per square kilometer. It has witnessed a  population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 of about 13.14%. The sex ratio of Bharuch is 924 females for every 1000 males with literacy rate of 83.03%.

Bharuch has majority of Muslim population. Muslims comprises 57% of the total  population. Bharuch has significant minority of Hindus . The Muslim Vohra Patel community can also be seen in Bhrauch in large numbers.

Rivers in Bharuch

The Narmada river also called the Rewa, is the only river flowing across Bharuch. It is fifth longest river in the India and the third longest river that flows completely within India. Narmada is considered as one of the five holy rivers of India by Hindus. A traditional boundary is formed between North India and South India by river Narmada as it flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km. It merges in the sea through the Gulf of Khambhat and then into the Arabian Sea, which happens at a distance of 30 km west of Bharuch.

Rivers in Bharuch


The iconic and popular Golden Bridge connecting  Ankleshwar to Bharuch is a bridge built across the Narmada River. The Bridge is also known as  Narmada Bridge.

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